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SSL Certificates are little knowledge files that digitally bind a cryptographical key to an organization's details. once installed on a web site server, it activates the padlock and also the https protocol and allows secure connections from a web site server to a browser
 
HOW TO ADD HTTPS ON A BLOGGER BLOG HAVING A CUSTOM DOMAIN?

This Method isn't needed any longer :

Folks, nowadays i'm visiting justify a most significant factor regarding your blogger or Web site. some of you asked me however I will use Free SSL Certificate (HTTPS) on blogger if using a custom domain.

I am going to show you step by method of implementing HTTPS on blogger with a custom domain. Also, this text covers the utilization of the content delivery network (CDN) to create your Blogger or Web site quick.

Google suggest HTTPS and think about it as a ranking signal. which implies you'll be able to get higher ranking within the search engine if using hypertext transfer protocols rather than HTTP.

Don’t worry, currently SSL is completely free for blogs.

Google Blogger is giving a chance to use free SSL certificate HTTPS for blogspot sub-domain. however what about people who are using a custom domain. Is there the way to use Free SSL Certificate i.e. HTTPS on such blogs?

Who understand once Google goes to launch this feature for your Blogger  or Web site. i'm here to assist you during this case. read this article carefully that tells about implementing free SSL Certificate (HTTPS) on your Blogger or Web site if using a custom domain.

Nothing is difficult. simply follow the easy steps given hereafter.

Pros of Using SSL Certificate

Before starting implementation steps, you must know a few advantages of using free SSL certificate (HTTPS) on a blog.
1. Your blog will be marked as secured in eyes of search engines.
2. SSL certificate enables a secure connection between visitors and blog.
3. Free SSL Certificate from Cloudflare guarantees faster blog because of CDN.
4. SSL Certificate aka HTTPS is a ranking signal now.
5. The blog looks more professional.

Cons of Using SSL Certificate

1. You’ve to re-submit sitemap to Google Search Console. Google will index your pages but start from scratch.
2. After successful implementation of HTTPS don’t rollback if you do then Google will deindex your blog.

Methods to Use free SSL Certificate on Your Blogger if Using A Custom Domain.

Cloudflare CDN makes your blog fast and free SSL certificate gives improved SERP.

1. Add Blog on Cloudflare

1a. First Create a free Cloudflare account, add your blog and Scan DNS Records

cloudflare domain scan
cloudflare continue step

1b. This scan takes few minutes and after that, you can see the two Cloudflare name servers. You need to add these name servers to your blogger domain.

cloudflare verify dns records
cloudflare continue setup
cloudflare free plan

cloudflare recheck nameserver

1b.1. Open your domain registrar like Godaddy or Freenom dashboard and move to domain setting. Which may be different for different registrars.

1b.2. There you get the Option to change Name Servers. Click on that and replace old nameservers with the new one.

cloudflare update nameserver

1b.3. Performed changes may reflect after 24 hrs or more but your blog will run smoothly.

2. Enable Free SSL Certificate (HTTPS)

2a. Go to the Crypto Tab (Click the lock icon)

2b. Set up SSL to Flexible

cloudflare ssl flexible

2c. Set up Always use HTTPS to On

cloudflare always to https

2d. Set up Automatic HTTPS Rewrite On

cloudflare auto https rewrite

Congrats! Well done. But it's going to take some hours to authorize certificate. therefore, keep patient and pause the Cloudflare in the time.

3. Redirect Homepage, Posts, and Pages to HTTPS

3a. Go to that Page Rules tab (Click the funnel icon)

3b. Add the following page rules your blog URL (Ex. change anandbakshi.com with your custom domain)
cloudflare page rule 1
cloudflare page rule 2
cloudflare page rule 3

4. Cloudflare Security Levels

Once you are done with above 3 page rules. Now set up the security levels

4a. Go to Firewall tab (Click the shield icon)

4b. Set up security level Low

cloudflare security level low

Now you can leave you Cloudflare account Page.

5. Force homepage to HTTPS

This Steps do you’ve to add the custom javascript in your theme under <head>
5a. Open blog’s theme HTML Editor
5b. Find for <head>
5c. Copy & paste the javascript below <head>
<script async='' type="text/javascript">
if(window.location.protocol != 'https:') {
 location.href = location.href.replace("http://", "https://");
}
</script>
5d. Using default or custom themes. Must check the following code.
<form expr:action='data:blog.searchUrl'>
If code is within your blog theme then replace it with
<form expr:action='data:blog.searchUrl.https'>
5e. Now save your blog theme.
Important Tips: You must host images through blogger dashboard or services which are using SSL certificate. The way you can take full advantage of SSL Certificate. Otherwise, your blog will be shown insecure.

6. Analyses and Fix the Mixed Content

It is possible to have the mixed content issue after using SSL certificate.
6a. Open your blog on Google Chrome
6b. Press Ctrl+Shift+J keys to open the Javascript console tab.
6c. The mixed content warning may like this.
“Mixed Content: The page at ‘https://yourcustomdomain.tld/’ was loaded over HTTPS, but requested an insecure script ‘http://<some-url>/script.js’. This request has been blocked; the content must be served over HTTPS.”
6d. You can go to Google Blogger Support page to fix the errors.

Some more Important Things

6e. You may need to re-upload logo, favicon and other images in your blog/blog post.
6f. You may get the mixed content warning on the archive, label and search pages. Fixed this thing with step 5d.

7. Edit Robots.txt

7a. Go to Blogger > Settings > Search Preferences
7b. Find for Crawlers and indexing. Here edit Custom robots.txt and add the following –
User-agent: Mediapartners-Google
Disallow:
User-agent: *
Disallow: /search
Allow: /
Sitemap: https://www.yourcustomdomain.tld/sitemap.xml
Make sure to change your domain.

8. Resubmit Sitemap to all Webmaster Tools

Now time for resubmit sitemap to different search engines like Google, Bing, and Yandex.
Your blog sitemap file name is sitemap.xml
and can be found at the following location –
http://yourcustomdomain.tld/sitemap.xml

Note-
This technique has some bugs like sitemap.xml doesn't have HTTPS link for any of the Blogger or Website posts. therefore, it's potential to search engines can crawl and collect each or one version of the web log post whether hypertext transfer protocol or HTTPS.

I believe this guide can helpful for you and you’ll be ready to use free SSL certificate your custom domain if using Blogger.
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